Anti-epileptics Drug Class

Anti-epileptics are groups of drugs used to treat epileptic seizures. They are also used in curing bipolar disorder because many of these medications stabilize the mood and are applied in treatment of neuropathic pain. These drugs work by inhibiting rapid neuron production whenever epilepsy occurs. Anti-epileptics are also used in prevention of seizures distribution in the brain. In addition to this; the drugs block sodium or calcium channels and this reduces excitatory glutamate which elevates epilepsy. This class of drugs is associated with causing low IQ in children though there is need of using the medicines to suppress the symptoms.

Anti-epileptics Drugs

There are various medicines in this class of anti-epileptics. The type of drugs that a patient is provided with will depend on the age, seizures type, seizure frequency, lifestyle pregnancy chances. Some patients may require more than two medicines. Antiepileptic drugs will include the following

Anti-epileptics Uses

Anti-epileptic is a group of medications used in treatment of epilepsy. Epilepsy is a brain disorder which is defined by repeated seizures. The drugs work by blocking sodium and calcium channels. This results in excitatory glutamate reduction which is a neurotransmitter responsible for epilepsy’s increase. The main objective of antiepileptics is to lower seizure which is one of the common symptoms of the above disorder. The drugs are also used to cure bipolar condition. The signs of epilepsy include the following; Seizure is normally unpredictable meaning you cannot tell the time that it will occur. Seizure lasts for a short time. The symptom can come and go and the signs are always similar whenever incidences happen

Anti-epileptics Side Effects

Despite the many benefits from anti-epileptics, various patients have complained of experiencing undesired effects resulting from this class of drugs. Do not stop using your medication without consulting your doctor. Feeling tired, stomach upset and dizziness are some of the common side effects resulting from this class of drugs. All the same, it is highly recommended to see your doctor if any of the following serious signs and symptoms occur.

  • Rashes on the skin
  • Liver problems
  • Pancreases’ problems
  • Lowering of white blood cells
  • Hair loss
  • Kidney stones disease
  • Poor coordination
  • Change in behaviour
  • Vomiting
  • Blood toxicity
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Unsteadiness
  • Severe reduction of platelets in the blood

Very serious side effects

  • Failure of the liver
  • Aplastic anaemia

Anti-epileptics Interactions

Before the administration of anti-epileptics, it is advisable to consider the following. Alcohol makes antiepileptic drugs in effective therefore; it should be avoided during the treatment period. The use of various types of medications along with this class of drugs is not recommended. It is advisable to inform your doctor about the other kind of medicines you are using in order for him/her to advise you accordingly. However pain relievers like ibuprofen and paracetamol do not interact with anti-epileptics. The kind of drugs checked in combination with anti-epileptics will include