Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by a bacterium known as Borrelia Burgdorferi. The infection is transmitted by ticks after they bite infected animals like mice and deer. Lyme disease was recognized in 1975 following research on children diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid. Not all ticks are carriers of the bacterium, but the chances of getting infected increases as the tick continues to hold on to your body.
Lyme disease Drugs
Lyme disease Symptoms
Just like any other disease, Lyme disease has its signs and symptoms. However, some are similar to those of other illnesses making it a challenge to diagnose the condition. In most cases, Lyme disease signs and symptoms are progressive from one stage of the disease to the other. In the early stages, the common Lyme disease symptoms include:
- stiff neck
- muscle aches
- chills or fever
- joint pain
- swollen lymph nodes
If Lyme disease is not treated, other symptoms you may experience include:
- nerve problems
- difficulties walking
- severe muscle and joint pain
Report abnormal side effects to a medical practitioner immediately.
Lyme disease Causes
Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi which is a type of bacteria. The disease is common in animals like deer, mice and livestock. Lyme disease is common in various parts of the United States, Europe and Asia. The disease is transmitted when you are bitten by a tick that have been sucking blood from an infected animal. Not every tick acts as a carrier of the bacteria, but black-legged ticks are known to transmit Lyme disease. It is not yet clear if you can get infected if your body fluids come into contact with that of an infected person.
- Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria carried in ticks
Lyme disease Diagnosis
Diagnosing Lyme disease can be difficult since many of its signs and symptoms are similar with those of other illnesses. Some health care providers will depend on a detailed evaluation of your health history and study the symptoms when suspecting Lyme disease. However, the most common and successful diagnosis procedure is a blood test that checks for the presence of Lyme disease-causing antibodies in the blood. ELISA for Lyme disease test is the most common, but spinal tap, electrocardiogram and MRI of the brain are also used. The doctor may also determine the drug based on his experience by evaluating the symptoms of the infected person.
Lyme disease Treatment
There are various approaches of treating Lyme disease, but antibiotics are more effective in its early stages. This means the condition is easily treated and effectively using antibiotics when it is report as soon as you get the bite. Amoxicillin and Doxycylin are the common antibiotics known to fight this type of bacteria. The drugs are supposed to be taken orally for 2 to 4 weeks depending on the severity of the Lyme disease. Children below the age of 9 years and lactating women are treated using either penicillin or amoxicillin. Rocephin, Penicillin and Claforan are prescribed to patients with heart related complications for two weeks.